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Learning Disorders

Dyscalculia

This condition will typically prevent children from specifically being able to acquire mathematical or arithmetical skills at the same rate as others. This is a very similar condition to dyslexia with the exception of math skills being below average as compared to reading skills.

Approximate estimations and research suggest that around five per cent of the population suffers from this particular condition. Dyscalculia is not correlated specifically with lower than average intelligence quotients as all types of people could potentially suffer from this condition.

Signs

Perhaps one of the easiest ways to detect this particular condition is to notice that a person is unable to suggest how many items may appear in a small grouping after only looking at the objects very briefly. Another very clear indication that a person may be suffering from dyscalculia is their inability to accurately read non-digital clocks and numbers. Additionally, there are some instances where this condition can completely prevent a person from determining the larger value between sets of simple numbers.

There also exists some lesser-known signs of this condition such as a person having difficulty determining between left and right and the inability to visualize or focus on tasks that require a great deal of mental and cognitive strength. However, having common or basic difficulties with arithmetic or math homework is not necessarily indicative of a person suffering from dyscalculia. It is important to recognize a pattern of symptoms and prolonged inability to acquire information before seeking further testing or guidance.

Causes

Thus far, scientists and researchers have been unable to determine the causes of this particular condition. However, research efforts are continuous and on-going, to unearth more knowledge about dyscalculia. Some of the most profound research to date suggests that this condition may be associated with certain kinds of spots that appear on specific regions of the brain.

Additionally, researchers are constantly working on other theories related to this condition such as an interruption in short-term memory caused by various instances. Lastly, there is also research being conducted to determine the genetic or hereditary scope of this condition.

Management

Unfortunately, there are no drugs or medicines that a person can take to remedy this condition. Nonetheless, much like dyslexia, there are a number of new technologies, such as software programs, that can assist in developing alternative education delivery to students who suffer from dyscalculia.

Recent studies have also suggested that various forms of neuro-treatment and therapy can be helpful in ameliorating some of the more inconvenient and debilitating aspects of the condition.

Additionally, scientists are still gathering data about the influence neuron stimulation can have on those who suffer from dyscalculia.

Prognosis

Comprehension of arithmetic and mathematical functions are essential life-skills that are learned by building on previous knowledge, which becomes a difficult pattern to follow if a learning disability is preventing progression. Therefore, the experts at the Mayo Clinic recommend identifying and intervening early in instances where children are suspected to suffer from dyscalculia.

To countermand the deficiencies in learning in the area of mathematics some experts  recommend developing an individual or alternative education plan for the subjects in which the person or student is struggling most.

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