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Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autistic spectrum describes a wide range of disorders that include developmental disorders and learning disabilities. Some of the characteristics of those suffering from an autism spectrum disorder include repetitive behaviours, social challenges, cognitive delays and difficulty with communication. There are many different types of autism spectrum disorders, each with their own unique set of challenges and treatment options.

The most well-recognized autism spectrum disorder is autism. Autism is usually diagnosed in children under the age of three years old. A child who is suffering from autism will have delays in communication and social interaction. They may also only be interested in a few things which can become repetitive. The cause of autism is based upon genetics, although the genetic makeup of autism is very difficult to understand. The exact nature of how autism develops is unknown, although there is very strong evidence of genetic mutations and rare genetic combination variants. Some people believe that environmental factors play a role in the development of autism, but there is no concrete evidence for that theory. Autism is diagnosed based on the behaviour of the child in which the doctor will look for certain markers. There is no cure for autism, rather a series of ways to treat the disorder. Treatment options are set to increase independence and quality of life. Behaviour therapy, special education and occupational therapy are very common ways to help manage and develop the skills of those with autism. Medication is often used in conjunction with behavioural treatment. Antidepressants and stimulants are the most commonly prescribed medications to treat those with autism.

Asperger syndrome is a fairly common type of autism spectrum disorder. Asperger syndrome is often diagnosed when a person has difficulties in many forms of social interaction. It can include restricted interests, repetitive behaviour and more. Asperger syndrome is very different from a person suffering from autism in the difficulties and challenges it presents. Cognitive development is usually unaffected, but an odd use of language including not filtering thoughts is common.  A person suffering from Asperger syndrome may demonstrate limited if any empathy and may act inappropriately in social situations. The cause of Asperger syndrome is thought to be genetic, although the gene has not been isolated. It is thought that there are many different variables that allow for an individual to be diagnosed with Asperger syndrome including a genetic link in families. Many people believe that there are environmental factors that also make certain people more susceptible to developing Asperger syndrome.  Most people are first diagnosed with Asperger syndrome between the ages of five and eleven. There is no cure for Asperger syndrome, but there are many helpful management techniques and treatments available. Cognitive behavioural therapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy are all common ways of managing the symptoms associated with Asperger syndrome. Medication does not seem to be effective in treating a person with Asperger syndrome.

We will provide you with useful information about many different types of autism spectrum disorders including Autism, Asperger syndrome, Childhood Disintegrative disorder, Rett’s disorder and Pervasive Developmental disorder.

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